The manufacturing includes processes such as co-sintering. A ceramic membrane is formed by a mixture of ceramic oxide powders with binders and other agents. The technique involves extrusion to give the final shape of the membrane, followed by drying and sintering steps to create a solid structure. In some cases, CTI uses hybrid membranes (for example, Hybsi®). Hybrid ceramic membranes have a ceramic oxide structure as a support. The support is coated with a polymer layer. These membranes combine the advantages of both ceramic and polymeric materials. Hybrid ceramic membranes can be used for many applications, including pervaporation, as they have high temperature resistance and high permeability.

Role in the project: CTI is involved in Work Package 3, whose objective is to scale up pervaporation ceramic membranes.